Hole fluids for deep ice core drillingIce Core Drilling Technology 2000, Special Issue, Vol. 56, p. 148-170, 2002
St.-Petersburg State Mining Institute, 21 Line, 2 St.-Petersburg 199026, Russia.
Geofysisk Afdeling, Niels Bohr Instituttet for Astronomi, Fysik og Geofysik, Københavns Universitet
This paper is based on the data published in research report of P.G. Talalay and N.S. Gundestrup; Hole fluids for deep ice core drilling: A review. Copenhagen University, Copenhagen, 1999, 120 p. In the practice of deep ice core drilling only three types of bore-hole fluids have been used: 1) petroleum oil products (fuels or solvents) containing densifier, 2) aqueous ethylene glycol or ethanol solutions, 3) n-butyl acetate.
The main parameters of drilling fluids are 1) density and fluid top; 2) viscosity; 3) frost-resistance; 4) stability; 5) compatibility with polymers and metals; 6) volatility; 7) flammability; 8) ice and water solubility; 9) toxicological and environmental characteristics; 10) cost. The main properties of bore-hole fluids which have been used in practice for deep ice drilling as well as potential bore-hole fluids are described.
The analyzing of the property's data showed that there are no ideal drilling fluids. All types of used and potential drilling fluids have their own advantages and disadvantages.
Probably one of the most promising types of drilling fluids is low-temperature silicone oil. It is non-aggressive, inert, and non-toxic. The main problem of silicone oil use is the relatively high viscosity at negative temperatures that have influence on the travel time of the drill string and finally on the total time drilling.
The final choice of the drilling fluid depends on the possibilities and the ways of solving of indicating problems and depends on the rational correlation between the cost of drilling fluid and other properties of the fluid.